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Determining the focus of your Action Research Project

Updated: Oct 25, 2021

Action research is a type of research conducted to examine a practical problem, determine a solution to a problem, and/or evaluate outcomes of an intervention (Craig, 2009; Larsen & Adu, 2021). Because one of the goals of conducting action research is to improve a professional practice, it is seen as a continuous research endeavor. Its cycle ends with coming up with an action plan which is informed by the action research findings. This proposed plan paves a way for the start of potentially another aspect of action research.

The question is how do you determine the focus of your action research?

  • If there is no problem encountered, do research to see whether there is a problem.

  • If there is a problem and you don’t fully understand it, do research to examine it.

  • If you understand the problem, do research to come up with potential solutions.

  • If there is a potential solution, do research to assess the impact of the solutions

What are your thoughts about action research?

What concerns do you have about action research?



Craig, D. V. (2009). Action research essentials. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Larsen, H. G. & Adu, P. (2021). The theoretical framework in phenomenological research: Development and application. Oxford: Routledge


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